​​Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

What is a novel coronavirus? 
A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified.  The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

 What is the disease causing the outbreak now being called coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19?  

On February 11, 2020 the World Health Organization announced an official name for the disease that is causing the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak, first identified in Wuhan China.  The new name of this disease is coronavirus disease 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19.  In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for disease.  Formerly, this disease was referred to as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV.”

There are many types of human coronaviruses including some that commonly cause mild upper-respiratory tract illnesses.  COVID-19 is a new disease, caused be a novel (or new) coronavirus that has not previously been seen in humans.

What is the name of the virus causing the outbreak of coronavirus disease starting in 2019?
On February 11, 2020, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, charged with naming new viruses, named the novel coronavirus, first identified in Wuhan, China, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, shortened to SARS-CoV-2.  As the name indicates, the virus is related to the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) that caused an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002-2003, however it is not the same virus.

What is the source of COVID-19?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses.  Some cause illness in people, and others, such as canine and feline coronaviruses, only infect animals.  Rarely, animal coronaviruses that infect animals have emerged to infect people and can spread between people.  This is suspected to have occurred for the virus that causes COVID-19.  Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are two other examples of coronaviruses that originated from animals and then spread to people. 

How does the virus causing Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19), spread?
This virus was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.  The first infections were linked to a live animal market, but the virus is now spreading from person-to-person.  Current understanding about how the virus spreads is largely based on what is known about similar coronaviruses.  

The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person

  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet)
  • Via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

 The virus can be spread from contact with infected surfaces or objects
It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

When does spread happen?

  • People are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest).
  • Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this with this new coronavirus, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

How efficiently does the virus spread?
How easily a virus spreads from person-to-person can vary.  Some viruses are highly contagious (like measles), while other viruses are less so.  Another factor is whether the spread continues over multiple generations of people (if spread is sustained).  The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in Hubei province and other parts of China.  

For confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases, reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death. Symptoms can include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

CDC believes at this time that symptoms of COVID-19 may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure.  

There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).  The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.  However, as a reminder, everyday preventive actions help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases, including:

  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean/disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Follow CDC’s recommendations for using a facemask.
    • CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19.  Wear a mask only if a healthcare professional recommends it.
    • Facemasks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to others.  The use of facemasks is also crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone in close settings (at home or in a health care facility). 
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.  Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.

There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. 

Beth Ewing, RN, MSN, CNM, WHNP-BC  
Parish Nurse
Source:  https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/

All art classes meet on Mondays unless otherwise noted. To register call:
Abiding Christ at 937-878-2888 or
NAMI at 937-408-3678

​​​​Beth Ewing, RN, BSN, MSN, CNM, WHNP-BC 

serves as the Parish Nurse for both Abiding Christ and the Lutheran Saints in Ministry.

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